Elements of Music-Basic Terms-Melody

Elements of Music-Basic Terms-Melody

* A sequence of single notes arranged in time; generally what you sing is a melody.
* Music notation arranges melody notes horizontally from left to right.

Scales

* A sequence of different notes arranged in ascending and/or descending order
* Most Western European scales are seven different notes arranged a half or whole step apart.
* Most melodies are derived from scales; therefore they are the ABC’s of music.

Scales

Harmony

* An arrangement of two or more notes that occur simultaneously
* Generally referred to as chords or harmonies, we are used to hearing the piano or guitar create two or more note sonorities.
* Music notation indicates chords (or harmonies) by stacking notes vertically.
* Most conventional chords are made up of the first, third, and fifth notes of a scale, thus each note in a chord can be referred to as the root (first note in the scale), third and fifth; and if the chord contains more than three notes (often the case in jazz), the designation can be expanded to include the seventh, ninth, eleventh, and thirteenth. These harmonies are called seventh chords, ninth chords, and so on…

Harmony….

Elements of Music-Basic Terms-Melody.ppt